Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. It is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. In MS patients, it is used to treat urinary tract infections. The bactericidal action of ciprofloxacin results from interference with the DNA gyrase, and essential bacterial enzyme that bacteria need for the synthesis of their DNA. Ciprofloxacin comes as a tablet or a liquid, or an extended-release tablet to be taken by mouth. It is usually given at 250 mg two times a day for 7 to 14 days. It should be ingested with a full glass of water, with or without meals, and at the same time every day. The solitary kidney (SK) undergoes adaptive phenomena of hyperfunction and hyperfiltration. These secondary adaptive phenomena can make it more vulnerable to potentially nephrotoxic therapies. Adverse reactions of the kidneys to ciprofloxacin are rare, but sometimes severe. Therefore, our study sought to assess the reactions to ciprofloxacin of patients with solitary kidney (SK) and urinary tract infection (UTI) by means of urinary biomarkers. We studied 19 patients with SK and urinary tract infection (UTI) who had been administered a 7-day treatment with intravenous ciprofloxacin. Urinary -glucosaminidase, alpha 1-microglobulin, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (e GFR) of these patients were measured at the initiation and at the end of treatment. In 47.37% patients NAG diminished under ciprofloxacin treatment.
The agency also cautioned that these bacteria-fighting drugs -- including levofloxacin (Levaquin) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro) -- shouldn't be prescribed for sinusitis, chronic bronchitis or simple urinary tract infections unless no other treatments options exist."Fluoroquinolones have risks and benefits that should be considered very carefully," Dr. He's director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products at the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research."It's important that both health care providers and patients are aware of both the risks and benefits of fluoroquinolones and make an informed decision about their use," Cox said. Food and Drug Administration announced Tuesday that it's strengthening label warnings on a class of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones because the drugs can lead to disabling side effects, including long-term nerve damage and ruptured tendons. A safety review revealed that potentially permanent side effects involving tendons, muscles, joints, nerves and the central nervous system can occur hours or weeks after exposure to fluoroquinolone pills or injections. Also, two or more serious side effects can occur together, the FDA said. Because of this, the FDA recommends reserving these antibiotics for serious bacterial infections, such as anthrax, plague and bacterial pneumonia. In these cases, "the benefits of fluoroquinolones outweigh the risks and it is appropriate for them to remain available as a therapeutic option," the agency said. Besides Cipro and Levaquin, other fluoroquinolones include moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin (Floxin) and gemifloxacin (Factive). Methods A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL and bibliographies of relevant articles was carried out for all published articles, regardless of design, that involved the use of ciprofloxacin in any paediatric age group ≤17 years. Only articles that reported on safety were included. Results 105 articles met the inclusion criteria and involved 16 184 paediatric patients. There were 1065 reported AEs (risk 7%, 95% CI 3.2% to 14.0%). The most frequent AEs were musculoskeletal AEs, abnormal liver function tests, nausea, changes in white blood cell counts and vomiting. There were six drug interactions (with aminophylline (4) and methotrexate (2)). The only drug related death occurred in a neonate who had an anaphylactic reaction.
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as quinolones. It is used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria. It is most commonly used to treat infections of the skin, sinuses, bone, lung, abdomen, kidney, prostate, and bladder. It can also be used to treat some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), some forms of infectious diarrhea, and typhoid fever. The extended release form of ciprofloxacin is used to treat bladder and kidney infections. This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. The antibiotic ciprofloxacin is widely used in Singapore and Hong Kong – but while its uses are well-known, a rare but well-established complication, tendon rupture, is less so. MPS has recently handled a number of cases in Singapore where a patient has suffered tendon rupture after taking ciprofloxacin, yet the prescribing doctor was unaware of this complication. Our aim is not so much to influence clinical judgment about appropriate antibiotic use but to increase awareness, so that doctors and patients are better informed during the consent process. The complication, although not very common, is more widely known in countries such as the United Kingdom and the United States; this article explores the available literature to highlight the complication’s symptoms and signs, patient risk factors, and the likelihood of it occurring. Ciprofloxacin is part of a group of fluoroquinolone antibiotics and is used to treat respiratory, urinary tract, gastrointestinal and abdominal infections. Fluoroquinolone-associated tendinopathy was first reported in 1983, when a 56-year-old renal transplant patient who was taking norfloxacin for a urinary tract infection with septicemia, developed Achilles tendinopathy. Although norfloxacin, ofloxacin, pfloxacin and levofloxacin have been linked to tendon injuries, a study published in 2000 concluded that ciprofloxacin was the most common fluoroquinolone in such cases, appearing in 90% of them.
Learn about Cipro I. V. Ciprofloxacin IV may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warningsFluoroquinolones, including CIPRO IV, may exacerbate muscle weakness in persons with. Learn about Cipro Ciprofloxacin may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug. The safety and efficacy of CIPRO XR in treating infections other than urinary tract.